Dog Breeding

Dog breeding can be a hobby both for fun and for work. There are decisions and preparations to ponder before beginning dog breeding.

Decide your purpose for dog breeding. There are many reasons to start dog breeding. Types of dog breeding may include:

  • Working Dogs If you decide on dog breeding for work, some types of work to focus on dog breeding for could be for hunting, cattle work, guard dogs, search dogs, or police dogs. There is certain criteria to follow for selecting the type of dog that would be best suited for different types of work. Make sure you know which breed of dog to select for the certain type of work you would like to start dog breeding for.
  • Show Dogs People raise and train dogs to obtain the very best qualities from a bloodline. This includes shape, coloring, temperament, obedience, and overall appearance.
  • Pets Some people simply decide to start breeding dogs as pets. They may sell the puppies after they are born. Of course, breeding dogs as pets that come from a working or show bloodline may be worth more.

Examine the bloodline of your dogs. Make sure they are genetically good quality. The AKC can give information about the bloodlines of purebred dogs. For mixed bred dogs, the only information you may be able to obtain are the breed of the Stud and the Dam who birthed them. Ultimately, you will have to decide on a Stud and Dam you think can produce offspring with the qualities you would prefer.

Make sure your dogs are breeding age. Most breeders do not breed a Dam until she is 1 1/2 to 2 years old, when she is fully matured and capable of carrying and delivering puppies.

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By having the Stud and Dam together at all times, in the same pen for example, they will be sure to mate when the Dam comes into heat and starts her estrus cycle.

The gestation period for dogs is 63 days after fertilization. Fertilization will occur within three days of breeding.

Of course, always keep the Dam healthy, clean and free of infestation such as fleas and ticks. Always provide the Dam with fresh water, plenty of food and a clean kennel area.

When the Dam’s nipples begin to turn pink and become enlarged, you can be sure she is carrying pups. During the last three weeks of her pregnancy, she will require extra nutrition. Puppy food is specially formulated for a nursing or pregnant Dams.

Be aware when the Dam is giving birth. If you suspect any birthing problems such as partial or stillbirth, you will need to take the Dam to an emergency vet right away.

You may want to create a “whelping box.” This could be any type of cushioning that may allow for the Dam to lay comfortably while giving birth. It may also provide a kind of guardrail to prevent the Dam from lying on the puppies after they are born. It should also be a comfortable bedding area so that the puppies will stay comfortable after they are born. Keep this bedding area clean.

Once the pups are born, position them so that they may have access to the nipple to begin nursing. Remember, they can’t see yet as their eyes are still closed at first. The Dam will start licking the puppies to clean the afterbirth.

Watch the puppies to make sure they are staying clean and warm, and the Dam is providing enough milk.

Take the pups to the vet when they are 6 weeks old. The vet will give them their vaccinations, worming, and other required medical attention. Have him check for other health or hereditary problems.If everything seems to be OK by the vet, then congratulations on your successful breeding!

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DISCLAIMER: The information on this site is not intended to replace the advice of your own veterinarian or doctor. Should you think that your pet needs medical attention, please contact your local veterinarian.  
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